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Macedonia is a historical region of the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe. Modern geographic limits, an area of approximately 67,000 square kilometers, were charts in the late 19th century during the final fall of the Ottoman Empire, although the area is not offered as a single geographic entity (see, HR
Wilkinson 1951). Roughly called limits of Macedonia is north to the city of Skopje, the eastern Rhodope Mountains and the valley of Nestos valley south Tempe and west of the mountains tisPindou. The area includes the beds (from west to east) of Aliakmonas, Vardar / Axios and Strymon rivers (of which the Vardar occupies by far the greater area) and plains around Thessaloniki and Serres.